Developmental editing

Developmental editing is a level of editing that calls for varying degrees of collaboration between the editor and the author. This collaboration can begin even before there is a finished draft. That is, the author can have only a subject matter in mind (e.g., a coffee shop as a community of sorts, or a novel about someone taking a major professional and personal detour late in life), and he and the developmental editor can work together in brainstorming, and putting together an outline and drawing a working structure, all the way to when the manuscript is finished.

Line editing

Line editing includes copyediting plus adding solutions to problems of overall clarity, accuracy, and information flow. With the line edit, you will typically see segments rewritten, word choices refined, and sections re-organized. To improve readability, you may also see headings added or changed.


The copyedit includes correcting spelling, capitalization, punctuation, and basic grammar, syntax, and improving word usage. Wordy passages are flagged or tightened, and any awkward, vague, or confusing sentences identified or recast.


Proofreading identifies and corrects typos, punctuation errors, misspellings, and formatting inconsistencies.


Typesetting is the process of arranging words or text on book pages in order to create a better reading experience. This part of the publishing process involves understanding on the different font types, the right font sizes, the correct spacing, and the ideal formatting.

Cover Design

The cover is the visual representation of the book. It’s the first thing people will see. It’s vital that the cover does not only speak what the book is about, but it should also grab people’s attention and make them want to buy the book. The cover designer collaborates with the author to make sure that the design is true to the author’s vision.